Know the Facts About Diabetes
Diabetes is a serious condition that almost everyone seems to have an opinion about. The actual facts about diabetes are often misconstrued or misunderstood. This has led to a lot of different myths about diabetes. This misinformation is one of the most dangerous parts about diabetes. People don’t understand the truth, and then they don’t recognize the dangers of diabetes.
Knowing, the causes, symptoms and how to treat diabetes will allow you to be better prepared if it happens to you. This serious condition can lead to medical complications and potentially death, but it can also be managed well.
Causes of Diabetes
There are two types of Diabetes. Type 1 has an obvious cause. Type 1 Diabetes is passed down genetically. There’s nothing people can do about it. Type 1 will appear at a younger age, typically during childhood. There are some rare cases where it will lie dormant until a person’s 20 or 30s, but that is rare.
When it comes to Type 2 Diabetes, the specific causes isn’t known. However, there are risk factors which come into play. Obese people are far more likely to get type 2 diabetes than people in good shape. It’s also commonly called “adult onset” diabetes, so age is also a factor. As people age, the chances of them getting type 2 diabetes continues to rise.
Symptoms of Diabetes
For people who think they may have type 2 diabetes, the good news is there are warning signs. These signs will often occur in combination and should lead to a trip to the doctor, or an emergency room in serious cases. Look out for:
- Excessive Thirst - Most people are unable to quench their thirst. This leads them to continue drinking over and over. Many turn to sugary drinks, which only makes things worse and blood sugar increases.
- Frequent Urination - This can be due to a UTI or kidney issues. It also occurs in combination with the excessive thirst.
- Unexpected Weight Shifts - Weight can be lost or gained, but it’s typically large swings without any major attempts at losing weight.
- Blurred Vision - Uncontrolled blood sugar can often lead to vision becoming blurred. Regular eye checks are important for diabetes.
- Fatigue - Extreme fatigue can be a symptom of diabetes. The frequent urination will also make it difficult to sleep at night, making this even more pronounced.
Treatment of Diabetes
The type of treatment needed will depend on each individual. Traditional treatment involved constant hormone shots to help process blood sugar. These injections were the trademark of diabetes for a long time. While still common for Type 1 diabetes, there are a lot of advancements in the way hormones are being introduced to the body. The diabetic pump is one of the common choices instead now. There are also a lot of other options when it comes to medication. Depending on the health of the individual, several options could be prescribed.
The most important thing in diabetes is lifestyle changes. This typically consists of two things. The first is a regimented diet. The inability to effectively process carbs/sugar means that these items have to be limited. However, without some of them, it’s possible to experience a life threatening situation called ketoacidosis. Therefore getting just the right amount is what matters.
The second lifestyle change is exercise. Excess body fat is a major disruption for type 2 diabetics. By lowering body fat and being at a healthy weight, the major risks are reduced. Many type 2 diabetics find they are completely able to manage their diabetes with just exercise and a great diet!
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